Monthly Archives: September 2014

Death Penalty Execution

PRISON WATCH

THOSE DAYS AT THE LETHAL INJECTION CHAMBER: as a participant observer


It was Director of Corrections Vicente G. Vinarao who organized the use of lethal injection as a medium for carrying out death penalty. This was in 1997. A year later, after the so called death chamber was built and every piece of screw installed and all the materials built around the facility have been properly attached  including the gurney, that which is used to be  the “death bed” of the convict, the first convict would be sent back to his creator will no longer be through electrocution but through a cocktail of deadly injectable dosages introduced intravenously. Death through electrocution (via electric chair) had seen better days and the fledging contraption, while a dreaded piece of furniture may not be able to cope up with the exigencies of times. Not that during the period brown outs or…

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LIFE THROUGH RETRO MUSIC

PRISON WATCH

drummer

Roaring 50s.  For those born in the 50s, they were lulled with popular music or what has been referred to as vocal driven classic pop melodies.  It replaced the big band/swing which was the fad at the end of World War II.  Yet singers during this period still rely on orchestras as their back up.  The 50s generation singers  integrated country, western, rhythm and blues and folk music into the musical mainstream.  And each musical score was a miniature story, with a specific vocalist casted for its performance.

Patti Page unfolded the decade’s biggest hit “Tennessee Waltz” and it was followed by “Mockin Bird Hill.”  These two songs, along with several hits, were virtually the national anthem of urban denizens in the country.  These were familiar hymns whenever mothers (mine included) and young ladies during the period, would croon and mimic the singer including the tune’s deflections.  My toddler ears…

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LIFE THROUGH RETRO MUSIC

drummer

Roaring 50s.  For those born in the 50s, they were lulled with popular music or what has been referred to as vocal driven classic pop melodies.  It replaced the big band/swing which was the fad at the end of World War II.  Yet singers during this period still rely on orchestras as their back up.  The 50s generation singers  integrated country, western, rhythm and blues and folk music into the musical mainstream.  And each musical score was a miniature story, with a specific vocalist casted for its performance.

Patti Page unfolded the decade’s biggest hit “Tennessee Waltz” and it was followed by “Mockin Bird Hill.”  These two songs, along with several hits, were virtually the national anthem of urban denizens in the country.  These were familiar hymns whenever mothers (mine included) and young ladies during the period, would croon and mimic the singer including the tune’s deflections.  My toddler ears became repository of these sweet musical score for a decade.

Patti was followed by an equally famous singer with silky and smooth voice Frank Sinatra who rendered hit songs like “Young Heart” and “Three Coins in the Fountain.” It was a period of swooning voices succeeded by Tony Bennet, Doris Day and then Nat King Cole.  In the Philippines, there was a lot imitation including how the singers project until there were singers who would perform as “Patti Page of the Philippines” “Frank Sinatra of the Philippines” so on and so forth.  In the later part, Elvis Presley would be introduced via Pop alternating with Rock.

The Sweet 60s. The 60s would be a defining moment for musical history.  This would be the melting pot of all forms of musical scores from pure instrumental to vocal rendition not only by one singer but a blending of several singers (Beach Boys, Everly Brothers, Peter and Gordon, among others).  In North America, rock music spawned numerous effects and became rock and roll.  The musical evolution came through the advancement of technology.  Asia became one of the repositories of these trends.

In the Philippines, there were serious and hilarious versions alternating with their counterparts abroad.  There was the Tionco Brothers, Dolphy and Panchito, Big 3 Sullivan, etc.

It has been said that from a classical point of view, the 60s were an important decade as it saw the development of experimental jazz and contemporary classical music, notably minimalism and free improvisation.  Several western popular music groups such as The Beatles rose under said performance.

The Turbulent 70s. The 70s were marked the fusion of several musical influences from all over the world.  During this period, it saw the rise of disco which became one of the biggest genres.  In the Philippines, the foundation of OPM or original Pilipino music also became the template of the period.  Band music as well as well crafted songs sang by equally smooth vocal artists and their rendition became a fad which almost overlapped Western music.  There was Manila Sound which virtually ruled the air and the likes of Rico Puno, Hotdog Band, VST and company, Cinderella among others equally competent had their records titling foreign recording companies at the tills.

The soft 80s.  Music in the 80s was of the hybrid kind.  It was a combination of several sources of sounds, the blending of voices and notes, ethnic and country, eclectic and traditional, manual and metallic resonance.  It witnessed the emergence of dance music and new wave.  As the term disco fell out of fad, post disco and dance pop became more popular.  Sub genres such as glam metal and shred guitar characterized by heavy distortion, pinch storm and smooth jazz predominate air waves.

Asia emerged as an influential zone in music with the entry of Japanese and Korean versions of metallic music.  The Philippine contribution to the music industry was the tender voices of its singers.

The Glamourous 90s.  Pop music in the 90s was a continuation of teen pop and dance pop trends which had emerged in previous years.  Hip hop grew and continued to be highly successful in the decade.  Aside from rap, reggae, contemporary and urban music remained extremely popular, the previous years’ style blended with soul, funk and jazz resulting in fusion genres such as hip hop soul and neo soul music.

It was also during this period when the last juke box was discarded and karaoke music became the trade mark of the decade.  This was also a period when technology was beginning to radicalize not only the music industry but the entire lifestyle of a laid back generation.  Internet was beginning to see the light of mass consumption and utilization.  The world was about to shrink and about to be flattened.

The Robotic 2000s.  The decade of 2000s was also the crowning of Michael Jackson as King of Pop (although he never completed the decade with his death in 2009).  Music in this decade was nondescript as pop music fragmented into smaller trends.  On the whole, the musical attribute of the decade can be distinguished through the mainstream usage of pitch correction software Auto-Tune as well as the rise of the internet media player programmes such as itunes and music and video sharing websites such as YouTube.

Music during this period has turned outside-in.  Unlike before when one had to open the music box to be heard by all, this time around, one merely has to pluck out his gadget, attach an earphone and he gets the music he wants all by himself.  Music in this decade has become very personalistic, highly individualized and almost a private concern.

To date, there is no music, as it was defined years ago, to speak of from the collective or social point of view.  The only music that is retained in the air are pure melodies which has familiar ring from years past.

This generation has been deprived of colourful emotions which the previous generation had enjoyed heartily to the hilt.

DUTERTE FOR PRESIDENT?

PRISON WATCH

duterte

It is still early in the game we normally attribute as election.  When the time comes, public offices are up for grabs; and these are positions from top to the bottom of the government totem pole.  Of course, it goes without saying that the necessary perks and privileges are all luminescent and dangling tempestuously in front of the winner.  That is the usual impression.

Leadership in this side of the planet is more political than social, more of a token rather than a principled crusade.  Political promises are mere come-ons, packaging techniques rather than quality contents.  And the great majority, the political audience, the constituency have no other recourse but sigh rather than sing.  Life goes on after the exercise; business comes, grindingly slow as it was, as usual and back to the normal struggle.  For the worker, it’s back to work.  For those given the mandate, its time to…

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DUTERTE FOR PRESIDENT?

duterte

It is still early in the game we normally attribute as election.  When the time comes, public offices are up for grabs; and these are positions from top to the bottom of the government totem pole.  Of course, it goes without saying that the necessary perks and privileges are all luminescent and dangling tempestuously in front of the winner.  That is the usual impression.

Leadership in this side of the planet is more political than social, more of a token rather than a principled crusade.  Political promises are mere come-ons, packaging techniques rather than quality contents.  And the great majority, the political audience, the constituency have no other recourse but sigh rather than sing.  Life goes on after the exercise; business comes, grindingly slow as it was, as usual and back to the normal struggle.  For the worker, it’s back to work.  For those given the mandate, its time to recover not only lost ground but material investments as well.

The field of Dreams

Only a few daring souls are eligible for genuine leadership, the rest are but fillers already.  We, the great majority, could only wish and dream.  We could only speculate and make informal conjectures.  We anticipate the merger of good people ranked versus the not so good ones.  And there are several good names that of late have been hugging the people’s consciousness.

The Frontrunners

Earlier on, Senator Miriam Santiago, still recovering from an illness, stood up following a televised quote from respected constitutionalist Fr. Joaquin Bernas who said that President Aquino should not entertain any idea on a second term and instead to give Senator Santiago a break.  It was an indirect anointment which the good Senator immediately reckoned.  She immediately came up, in accepting the challenge, with a roster seeking to have as her vice president erstwhile Davao strongman and mayor Rodrigo Duterte.  Duterte immediately shot down the innuendo though.

Then a series of political combination would be heard.  There was of course front liner VP Jojo Binay who earlier suggested to have Senator Jinggoy Estrada as his running mate.  Then it was rephrased to businessman Manuel Pangilinan who instantly submitted a rejoinder of disinterest.

Senator Chiz Escodero tried to court the Marcos followers by reviving an old issue and recommending the burial of former President Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.  Senator Escudero may have thought that Filipinos have short memory and have forgotten threats of families and relatives of heroes buried on the site that they will immediately exhume their loved ones once it happens.  But politics dictate that anything can be haggled for a vote.

Then, there was a move by another sector to push Senator Grace Poe into the limelight.  To add a quintessential flavour, the widow of former Secretary Jess Robredo, Congresswoman Leni Robredo would be an ideal tandem as VP.

Not to be outdone, Senators Cayetano and Trillanes made considerable move to manifest likewise their entry into the contest using their wizardly in blue ribbon investigation as medium for recall.

The Duterte Mystique

For those serious to have their final fate in favour of progress, a group in Davao, the de facto capital of Mindanao, went on social network to announce a tickler “Duterte for President!”  Mayor Duterte immediately issued a warning that he will shoot and  kill those behind it.  Known for his strong man tactic in dealing with criminality in his city, threatening to exterminate violators was one of his expressions which at times are understood in its pristine and realistic terms.  But his constituency is never fazed by his braggadocio.  There is peace and order, there is progress, there is growth, there is development.  A few months with him at the helm, Davao, sometime ago known as the hotbed of syndicates became one of the safest cities in the world.   More so, Davao was even recognized internationally as one of the most liveable cities in the planet.   What more can be asked for.

In the event the good Mayor really intends to retire and ignore the growing demand of his countrymen for him to lead the nation, the field is open nonetheless to qualified persons.

But this early, I have made a survey among the silent majority if indeed they are serious in endorsing Mayor Duterte to the Presidency, and most if not all of them replied in a chorus:  MAGPAPABARIL NA KAMI MAGING PRESIDENTE LANG SIYA!

After the survey, I went home, my head vowed and feeling like a SIPSIP.

INVESTIGATION 101

PRISON WATCH

investigation 101

Any investigator seasoned or otherwise will tell us that failure on the part of the one under investigation to submit his response or statement with regards allegations against him will definitely militate against him and cause disadvantage for his cause for fair assessment of the case.  Worst, it eventually will tilt whatever merits there is during the trial against and even unfavourable to his innocence.  It is not a matter where the absence of the person under investigation a concern for the issuance of contempt or any other related penalty.  The fair assessment on the truth suffers.

It cannot be advanced later that he was not given the proper venue to express his side that becomes central in his defence anymore.  Investigation would admit of any allegation which has not been challenged or answered.  And this is fatal to the cause of the one charged.

The Senate Blue Ribbon committee…

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INVESTIGATION 101

investigation 101

Any investigator seasoned or otherwise will tell us that failure on the part of the one under investigation to submit his response or statement with regards allegations against him will definitely militate against him and cause disadvantage for his cause for fair assessment of the case.  Worst, it eventually will tilt whatever merits there is during the trial against and even unfavourable to his innocence.  It is not a matter where the absence of the person under investigation a concern for the issuance of contempt or any other related penalty.  The fair assessment on the truth suffers.

It cannot be advanced later that he was not given the proper venue to express his side that becomes central in his defence anymore.  Investigation would admit of any allegation which has not been challenged or answered.  And this is fatal to the cause of the one charged.

The Senate Blue Ribbon committee is, or it is supposed to be, composed of legal minds is now concentrated on issues pertaining expenditures in Makati city during the administration of its former Mayor, now VP Binay.  And the same issues are now plaguing the present Makati Mayor, the son of VP Binay.  The issue has now been refocused from evaluating a case to issuance of arrest warrant and contempt.

During the early stages of the senate investigation procedure when the concerned appeared to be heard, allegations flew thick and accusations rang from all corners drowning the explanation of the parties alluded to, in that case, the present Makati City Mayor Junjun Binay.  Much to the displeasure of the party accused during said senate inquiry, there was response heard and noted.  Investigators worth their salt would admit that the accused during the inquiry expressed their side and submitted their explanation.  In any administrative proceeding in quasi judicial bodies and even in the courts of law, the inquiry has fulfilled its purpose.

The Senate committee on the basis of what it has accumulated and gathered may submit its findings for purposes of determining a law or a legislative piece to be formulated or if in their estimation, there was basis for filing of an administrative or criminal case, their insights and assessment including pieces of evidences may be submitted to the courts or administrative bodies for proper disposition.  This should end  the proceedings and subsequently introduce another issue of national importance to be tackled.

What appears in the Binay senate investigation foray however is developing into a new investigative formulation.  This is not to defend the Binays whose later actions are seen as being trampled upon unnecessarily.

The point is for a case or cases should be passed on for its final evaluation and not to be re-circulated in a circuitous fashion until public interest wane and projections have been made in terms of publicity.  If this is an exposure stunt by any party, it surely reveals ignorance on what we refer to as a basic practice in inquisition called Investigation 101.

BANGSAMORO LAW

bangsamoro

PhilStar Opinion writer Federico Pascual Jr.  had a very interesting point regarding the soon to be passed law on the creation of a Bangsamoro in Mindanao.  Accordingly, once it becomes a law, a new state would be carved out right in the middle of the country’s second biggest island, Mindanao.

The proposed law spells out three major considerations like a defined population, a territory which is federal and administered by a government asymmetrical to the presidential central government.  In effect, it could spin off as a soverign state once it gains international recognition.

Once it becomes a recognized state, it could formulate a social direction independently and it could chart its own fate, follow its right to self determination and wiggle out eventually from the apron strings of its mother country and eventually join the federation of other Muslim countries like Malaysia.  A Philippine territory we refer to as Sabah has been annexed to Malaysia previously and it went through even without legislative fanfare.

The Bangsamoro State will naturally  seek a friendly and culturally allied nation.  It can apply as a member or as a federal state of Malaysia or as a long shot, as a satellite state of Saudi Arabia or any state in the Middle East.  In a whiff of legislative fiat, its economy will increase several folds than its former economic standing while it was once a province of the Philippines.

The attempt at Statehood movement was an offshoot of another proposal by a group of disheartened citizens to submit a popular stand to declare the country as an applicant State for USA accreditation like what happened to Hawaii years ago.  It never reached the plebiscite level though.   As days went by, It gained quite a number of followers.  Volunteers were imagining that once the Philippines becomes a state of USA, it will be the biggest state, bigger than California.  Furthermore, there were even insinuations that eventually a Filipino may be able to send a native to the seat of US Presidency!  That was the closest the proponents could envision.  After a few media exposure, the nationalists regained their persuasive voice until the proposal faded in the din of political controversies.

Along the same term, there was another version of a Statehood movement which burst out from Mindanao.  Emboldened by popular support, the same proponent even advanced the separation of the entire Mindanao into another State outside of the Republic.  The proponents even submitted its own design of a separatist flag and its own currency system.  It was challenged by tribal groups in the southern portion and it subsequently dimmed as soon as it gained traction.

With the positive development which the creation of Bangsamoro may bring forth, there is a possibility for such created State to join or be a federate state in another country say Malaysia.  The advantage here is that the economy of said State would hew closely if not exactly how the main Federal government would extend to the new entry.  There is therefore no need for any citizen of the new State to seek foreign affairs documentation to travel to the main State.  It would just be an ordinary travel from one province to another.  The currency system would also bloat relatively speaking.

This development may encourage other proponents to revive their earlier attempts and in the process may as yet succeed.  If that happens and a law would passed accordingly, the country may be divided into several nation states.

One day, the map of the country would be reconfigured and renamed as UNITED NATIONS!

WHAT MARTIAL LAW?

martial law

For the ordinary run of men, to common folks, whether there is martial law or whatever it is, they have no comment.  For them, it is part of their inevitable environment, no matter what it is.  They are never affected emotionally and philosophically.  The poor,  whether it is under martial law or even during any exhibition of martial arts, remains poor, so what gives?

Culturally, the poor among Filipinos, majority of them actually, were never too keen for wealth.  Their religion kept them that way.  Prosperity was a pie in the sky.  They would implore Biblical passages like (Luke 6:20-21) which is oftentimes quoted  as “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours in the kingdom of God; blessed are you who hunger now, for you shall be satisfied; blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh.”  For them, well, for us, it is better that way because it is nearer heaven than anything else.

The poor are never political and are merely an appendage, a gray background on a fading canvas of social life.  They have never benefited from anything that goes around their environment except as footnotes in every communal function.

Businessmen are personally concerned by whatever form of government, even a simple change brought about by electoral considerations.  Of course, politicians and even showbiz denizens are likewise grossly affected by changes.  Workers for that matter share the same feelings.  But for the great unwashed, for the greater majority, the so-called unperfumed,  life continues.  Social life was static.

When Martial Law was declared, it was as if government merely proclaimed some kind of an edict for everyone pertaining discipline.  For those disciplined enough, it was nothing but a reminder.

I remember my father during those days when there was martial law.  There was no marked or radical change at all in his routine.  He was a worker in the Bureau of Posts by day and a Spanish professor at PCCr in the evening.  I was, like my only sister, then ordinary students struggling for good grades.  While government then was trying to justify military rule as constitutional and projecting a leadership option to formulate a new society, for us on the ground, it was merely business as usual.

There was curfew starting 12 midnight up to 4AM daily but so what.  We were soundly asleep by then.  There was no such thing as 24/7 then as far as our perception was concerned.   It was even kinda welcome as a new consideration to quiet the street during said period.  But by and large, the neighbourhood remained staid and normal as if there were no changes in government structure.

My mother never even changed her schedule to go to the market place.  Even the kind of food she would cook for us.  My kid sister, a scholar in the State University, then the hotbed of student activism, never for once got bothered by the regularity of street rallies and demonstrations.  In my case, had it not for the compulsory haircutting, I never noticed any considerable or bothersome communal practices which had been realigned.

Not that we were unconcerned citizens but we were just plain pedestrians.  Our dreams were simple then, our needs, requirements, desires and wishes were basic and very ordinary.  We had no sinister thoughts, no hidden agenda, no gross interests to protect, just the normal round the clock considerations in daily life.

We were even, I for one, considered as fence sitters, neutral to a fault and indifferent.  But that was how life was to us at that time.  There was nothing to complain about.  Our family was never bothered by any tell tale sign of rebellion in high places.   As long as there was peace, there was order, there was stability in our hub, in the neighborhood, that was just what life was for us all about.

So what if a politician was harassed.  Its part of territory, so to speak.  They are just earning their upkeep and perks through their machinations and therefore they must be prepared to be harassed by their competitors.  So what if a businessman was detained.  Profit orientation has its ups and downs anyway.   So what if some people become rebels.  They merely wanted to be heard and recognized.    So what if government leaders wanted to prolong themselves in their positions. Its their position that they want perpetuated for lack of any opportunity in a highly competitive social structure. So what if the news were featuring the downfall of the world, as long as we never felt anything unusual in the neighborhood, we were in good mood.  It was more of a “to each his own” proposition.

Call us, the poor in your midst, as uncaring, unconcerned, unsympathetic. For us then, it was just cool. We were never into trouble, so why bother.  We will never prosper at all even if we cry to high heavens that this or that is bad.

We were all concentrated in earning our upkeep, our parents as regular workers in government, mother at home in charge of chores and we, the children, busy with school assignments. What more was there to crow about. The neighborhood was eating three square meals, we were all cleaning the front yard on week ends and people were just milling around exchanging pleasantries.

44 years ago, Martial Law was declared. So what? It never amounted to anything for us anyway except that I realized later that some friends were imprisoned, some became functionaries because of political changes and others whimpered because their ambitions were thwarted.  Society progressed because of certain developments in science and some upgrades in technology but those were never consequences of government intervention.   There were wars somewhere, there were revolts in some areas, the rebels took over the reign against those they were at odds. But as far as our neighborhood was concerned, we still believe that time got stalled, the poor remained as they were.

There were charges and allegations that the Marcos family indeed robbed the country blind using martial law as cover, but how come no one among them were incarcerated?  They were driven out and virtually out of political power for sometime.  It could have been an occasion to get back at them and press the hands of justice and settle everything.  But there was none.  The Marcoses came back and sought public office until they were back in harness.

Some averred that  private parts  of political opponents during that time were electrocuted during martial law.  Those who speak out their minds against government were quickly held and punished.   So on and so forth.  But that was how power, any power for that matter,  cleanses its abusive enemies.

Martial Law, or whatever it was, changed nothing.  Except the concept of supremacy.  And yes, before and after that, there was nothing at all for the powerless, the great majority.

EDSA revolution reminisced about the excesses of Martial Law, excesses which created a monster of its own.  And while it ended a struggling regime, it was perpetuated with a series of hostile teams using the same template and ineffective machineries.  Brick brats were thrown, allegations on incompetence hurled but as soon as new leaders assume responsibility, the more they look the same.

That explains why Filipinos remained the way they were.  For ordinary folks, it was just a momentary incident, a lull in their dull, horrid, rustic and typical life.

VP BINAY’S PROBLEM

binay

A few summers from now, the people will be bombarded with political reminders once again. This early, the signs are already there. For those who cannot wait for the proper time and have declared interest to run for public offices, they are not only fair game but their records, even their secrets in private life are immediately placed under the microscope of public assessment. It is not unexpected. As a matter of fact, it comes within the territory.

Of late, VP Jejomar Binay could not but get into the usual initiation. He may have experienced how it was during the time he was gunning for a stake in local government and subsequently, bagging a national post but at this point, he has manifested, this early, his prepositioned interest on the highest post of the land: the Presidency.

This of course is par for the course. This may be an undertaking due to some pundits and bootlickers in his camp trying to get into the groove of heading towards early victory however distant the time yet. It likewise gave his opponent, those who probably wanted to be paid to be silent, enough time for the bargaining. Binay would not be baited this early yet but he could not resist the temptation of responding.

Those who cast a moistened eye at the same high post would naturally respond with equal fervor to get the natural national attention craved for. They have to hurl whatever it is in their arsenal that would blacken and reduce the integrity of their opponent and achieve a fair consideration as far as name recall is concerned. While it is truism in showbiz that “good or bad publicity is still publicity” in politics it also applies. Hence, showbiz people flock to Comelec to try their luck in an elective office. And why not. People attend campaign sorties because of them and not because of the traditional politician. The phenom on the entry of entertainers became almost a favorite to scene to watch comes election day.

Binay at the moment is fair game not only in media but in public opinion. Good or bad publicity if I may repeat is publicity.   But the publicity stunt was nowhere favorable. That is the traditional view. Erap, unaffected, during his heydays would rather have it. As a matter of fact, he even rejoiced and played into it. The result was a resounding, almost historic landslide vote in his favor. People love the underdog. Binay may also use the same tack, except that he lack the star projection of Erap. Much as he wants to approximate the profile (same with Erap as mayor, same profession of spouse, same girlie weakness, same national post as VP), except that Erap was imprisoned while Binay was as yet to get off from a litany of criminal charges mounting each day.

In the olden days, politics was a call to arms. There was violence whenever political contest was declared. Even if the selection was between family members, the effect was very grave. Private armies quickly materialize to exact power. Suddenly, the community where the position was needed becomes a battleground, a war zone. Election was a hotly contested period then and still is, in some remote areas.

Today, the law seems to be the intermediary. The law, except for a few who subscribe to firepower, is applied whenever a person would become a threat to a longed-for position. The law is used to harass, to get even, to annoy whoever wants to get into the fray. Even if charges would be invented, the people get the necessary amusement and entertainment for the day.

The problem lies with Binay’s caravan. It is in the selection of people gunning for his credentials as leader that is found wanting. Those he chose are suspect and unworthy to carry a name, much more so endorse a good product. They could not even respond intelligently. Binay could have conscripted opinion writers and there are a number of great thinkers among them. Forget politicians, they are a burden on one’s neck. If writers are too stiff in their fees, get someone from the broadcast media. Media makes or breaks a person; Binay should know that by heart.

In a few storms ahead, Binay’s name would be found in the drain somewhere. If media could send anyone it hates into the calaboose like what they did to a Congressman and lot more celebrities, if it could make an orphan a millionaire twice over because of talk shows, it could also push someone on the berth of collapse into the zenith of recognition.

I don’t care who gets elected in the highest office. I have my sympathy for the guy, whoever he or she is. Running a country is like saving mankind. It is curse in business suit. The leader is never judged by contemporary times, it is history that determines the fate. And history is manifested several generations after the person has made his presence. It is not worth clawing into it.

I would rather write a poem and contribute my thoughts on history.

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